現代の紛争における「国際人道法」の適用について専門家が議論 / Japan: Experts gather in Nagasaki to discuss rules of war vis-à-vis real conflict situations


English follows after Japanese







開会式で挨拶をする中村法道長崎県知事 ©S. Arikawa/ICRC






セミナーには軍や警察関係者、法学を専門とする教授、外交官、人道支援組織の職員ら45人が参加 ©S. Arikawa/ICRC






参加者は5つのグループに分かれ、5日間にわたりさまざまな講義を受講し、議論を重ねる。また、実際の紛争を例にIHLの適用についても議論 ©S. Arikawa/ICRC






参加者のグループ写真 ©S. Arikawa/ICRC



16th August 2017

As many as 45 representatives from 13 countries in Asia and the Pacific gathered in Nagasaki to discuss and share experiences related to the international humanitarian law (IHL), which is applicable to armed conflicts.


The 12th Annual South-East and North-East Asia Teaching Session on IHL took place in Nagasaki, Japan, from 1 to 7 July 2017.


The governor of Nagasaki Prefecture, the mayor of Nagasaki City and the ICRC head of mission opened the ceremony, highlighting the importance of avoiding a repeat of the tragedies brought about by the use of nuclear weapons in the past. The leaders exhorted the participants to convey to their respective governments the need to pursue nuclear disarmament efforts and a nuclear-free world.


Keynote speaker Naoko Saiki, who acts as director general for the International Legal Affairs Bureau at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, explained Japan’s efforts to promote and strengthen IHL compliance, and to increase support for the ICRC and the International Criminal Court. Speakers from China University of Political Science and Law, Sungkyunkwan University from South Korea, and Japan’s National Defense Academy were also invited to present on key topics related to IHL.


“In theory, the IHL framework is nearly perfect. But in reality, there are still many areas of confusion, especially in the application of detailed rules and treaties. People often get confused about exactly where and how to apply these rules. There are no clear conclusions and indisputable judgements. So, in my opinion, besides the ICRC, the countries have to put in more work to improve IHL implementation,” one participant said.
As with the session held in 2016 in Hiroshima, a day was devoted to consideration of nuclear issues, which included a visit to the Nagasaki Atomic Bomb Museum and a presentation by Dr. Masao Tomonaga, the honorary director of the Japanese Red Cross Nagasaki Atomic Bomb Hospital. Dr. Tomonaga shared individual stories on the humanitarian consequences of the atomic bomb, particularly those relating to health.
“The ICRC is very pleased to organize the session in Nagasaki, which has reeled under the direct impact of conflict and continues to feel the effects,” said Kelisiana Thynne, the organization’s legal advisor for the Asia-Pacific region. Participants were not only moved by the setting of the session but also its timing, Thynne noted.


“They visited the Peace Memorial and Museum and heard about the humanitarian consequences of war. It was particularly significant that we held the event in the week that the world was negotiating a nuclear weapons ban treaty; IHL gained much more relevance immediately for all the participants.”